Rich plant life in Hidden Valley

DSCF8489In early November 2013, we undertook another survey of Hidden Valley, this time focusing heavily on plants. For this, we invited along noted botanist-ecologist Doug Frood. Doug is a first-rate field botanist who we knew would confidently pick up many species that our amateur eyes would miss.

A key reason for the survey was to establish baseline knowledge of the vegetation this area supports now, so that changes the area undergoes in the next several years can be better assessed. We have taken lots of photos and have established photo-points, but we also needed more detailed knowledge of what’s actually growing. Plant species were identified as we walked through the western section of Site 4 and an area of private property adjacent to Site 4.  Detailed 20 m x 20 m quadrat surveys were conducted at three locations in Site 4 and a general plant list was collated for the adjacent area.

Before we get into the detail, here are some photos of the day:

In total, 86 native and 31 introduced plant species were recorded in the four site-surveys, with several additional species recorded during the walk (but not listed here). Here’s Doug’s list of plants recoded during the surveys; scientific names in alphabetical order:

Hidden Valley Plant List – 10 Nov 2013
Native species
Acacia dealbata (along creek-line) Silver Wattle
Acacia gunnii Ploughshare Wattle
Acacia melanoxylon Blackwood
Acaena echinata Sheep’s Burr
Acaena novae-zelandiae Bidgee-widgee
Amyema pendula Drooping Mistletoe
Anthosachne scabra Common Wheat-grass
Aphanes australiana Australian Piert
Arthropodium milleflorum Pale Vanilla-lily
Arthropodium strictum Chocolate Lily
Asperula scoparia Prickly Woodruff
Austrostipa mollis Supple Spear-grass
Brachyloma daphnoides Daphne Heath
Burchardia umbellata Milkmaids
Carex breviculmis Common Grass-sedge
Carex inversa Knob Sedge
Cassinia aculeata Common Cassinia
Cassinia arcuata Drooping Cassinia
Cassinia longifolia Shiny Cassinia
Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia Green Rock-fern
Cheilanthes sieberi Narrow Rock-fern
Chrysocephalum semipapposum s.l. Clustered Everlasting
Convolvulus angustissimus Pink Bindweed
Cotula australis Common Cotula
Crassula sieberiana s.l. Sieber Crassula
Cymbonotus preissianus Austral Bear’s-ear
Cynoglossum suaveolens Sweet Hound’s-tongue
Daviesia leptophylla Narrow-leaf Bitter-pea
Dianella admixta Black-anther Flax-lily
Dichelachne crinita Long-hair Plume-grass
Dichondra repens Kidney-weed
Diuris sulphurea Tiger Orchid
Drosera auriculata Tall Sundew
Eucalyptus dives Broad-leaf Peppermint
Eucalyptus goniocalyx s.l. Bundy
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha Red Stringybark
Eucalyptus melliodora Yellow Box
Euchiton sphaericus Annual Cudweed
Geranium gardneri Rough Crane’s-bill
Geranium potentilloides Soft Crane’s-bill
Geranium sp. (material inadequate for further identification)
Geranium sp. 2 Variable Crane’s-bill
Gonocarpus tetragynus Common Raspwort
Hardenbergia violacea Purple Coral-pea
Hibbertia obtusifolia Grey Guinea-flower
Hovea heterophylla Common Hovea
Hydrocotyle laxiflora Stinking Pennywort
Hypericum gramineum Small St John’s Wort
Indigofera australis Austral Indigo
Leptorhynchos squamatus Scaly Buttons
Lomandra filiformis subsp. coriacea Wattle Mat-rush
Lomandra filiformis subsp. filiformis Wattle Mat-rush
Luzula meridionalis var. flaccida Common Woodrush
Microlaena stipoides Weeping Grass
Olearia phlogopappa Dusty Daisy-bush
Opercularia varia Variable Stinkweed
Oxalis exilis Shady Wood-sorrel
Pelargonium rodneyanum Magenta Stork’s-bill
Pimelea humilis Common Rice-flower
Poa labillardierei Common Tussock-grass
Poa sieberiana Grey Tussock-grass
Poa sp. (aff. tenera) Tussock-grass
Poranthera microphylla Small Poranthera
Pteridium esculentum Austral Bracken
Ranunculus lappaceus Australian Buttercup
Rumex brownii Slender Dock
Rytidosperma caespitosum Common Wallaby-grass
Rytidosperma erianthum Hill Wallaby-grass
Rytidosperma geniculatum Kneed Wallaby-grass
Rytidosperma pilosum Velvet Wallaby-grass
Rytidosperma setaceum Bristly Wallaby-grass
Rytidosperma spp. Wallaby Grass
Senecio bathurstianus Dissected Fireweed
Senecio glomeratus Annual Fireweed
Senecio hispidulus Rough Fireweed
Senecio phelleus Stony Fireweed
Senecio quadridentatus Cottony Fireweed
Stellaria pungens Prickly Starwort
Thelymitra pauciflora Slender Sun-orchid
Triptilodiscus pygmaeus Common Sunray
Viola hederacea Ivy-leaf Violet
Wahlenbergia ?communis ?Tufted Bluebell
Wahlenbergia ?communis Tufted Bluebell
Wahlenbergia gracilis Sprawling Bluebell
Wahlenbergia stricta Tall Bluebell
Xerochrysum viscosum Shiny Everlasting
Introduced species
*Acetosella vulgaris Sheep Sorrel
*Aira caryophyllea Silvery Hair-grass
*Aira elegantissima Delicate Hair-grass
*Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernal-grass
*Arctotheca calendula Cape Weed
*Avena barbata Bearded Oat
*Briza maxima Large Quaking-grass
*Bromus diandrus Great Brome
*Bromus hordeaceus Soft Brome
*Bromus hordeaceus Soft Brome
*Centaurium tenuiflorum Slender Centaury
*Cerastium comatum Levantine Mouse-ear Chickweed
*Cerastium glomeratum Sticky Mouse-ear Chickweed
*Cirsium vulgare Spear Thistle
*Conyza sp. Fleabane
*Cynosurus echinatus Rough Dog’s-tail
*Erodium botrys Big Heron’s-bill
*Galium divaricatum Slender Bedstraw
*Hypericum perforatum St John’s Wort
*Hypochoeris glabra Smooth Cat’s-ear
*Hypochoeris radicata Flatweed
*Petrorhagia nanteuilii Childling Pink
*Sonchus asper Rough Sow-thistle
*Trifolium ?glomeratum ?Cluster Clover
*Trifolium arvense Hare’s-foot Clover
*Trifolium campestre Hop Clover
*Trifolium dubium Suckling Clover
*Trifolium striatum Knotted Clover
*Trifolium subterraneum Subterranean Clover
*Vulpia bromoides Squirrel-tail Fescue
*Vulpia myuros f. myuros Rat’s-tail Fescue

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